Japanese Traditional Culture
 

originality and creativity in reformation of
  SHOIN-ZUKURI

SUKIYA is "herbal" art. A free expression is developed through the modeling feeling as for which Takumi (匠=Carpenter) leaves.
The severity and the hardness which a normative thing has will be wiped. Depending on the method of finish which was created with grass, a normative thing may completely hide a shadow, and the outline and image may be stopped.
Finish which was created with grass is sometimes abstraction, is simplification, or there is by delicate-ization, and it is very various.
Masters of the tea ceremony and Touryou (棟梁=carpenter chief) have polished the feeling which was excellent in finish which was created with such grass.
When a four-and-a half-mat tearoom is also considered well, it is also evolution of finish which was created with the grass of shoin-zukuri (書院造り= The style of the samurai residence which started atthe Muromachi period and was completed at Momoyama Era).
Masters of the tea ceremony and Touryou (棟梁) also absorbed the Buddhism design. For example, they are an arched window and a rank interval.
The arched window seen to the drawing room floor is the good example.
The arched window peculiar to Zen Buddhism construction is carrying out the outline of the complicated curve on which the top part sharpened, and the top part being not only round but the whole outline is Katouguti (火灯口= The entrance of an instrument form which burns the fire formed in the surface of a wall etc.) of a tearoom exactly.
In It is tinged with roundness like particular and it is one of the form of the entrance of a tearoom., and hardness completely is not given.
Katura-rikyu (桂離宮=The cottage of the Hatijyounomiya 〔(八条宮) (family (Katsura Imperial family) in Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto-shi.)〕
Imperial Prince 八条宮智仁 (Hatijyounomiya-tosihito) founds in early stages of Edo.
Although it went to ruin temporarily [ of the Imperial prince / after its death ], a building is extended over several order with the help of a government after that.

Technical efforts is paid to the place which is
  not visible in this way in order to support a
  light design.

A The original form can be seen to Tuke-shoin (付書院= What used the bottom as the container etc. and stood the paper sliding door before on the shelf jutted out over the veranda of the alcove side.) in the new palace of stroll garden and the drawing room of the SUKIYA style.
It escapes from Katouguti (火灯口) of the structure of the Tang age by the shape of a circle, "a brown form" is reproduced, and the modeling feeling in character with a master of the tea ceremony is expressed.
Although you may say, "There is nothing that is called the regular form in a brown form", order exists also in finish which was created with the grass left freely naturally.
The special technical device for assembling it is required of the design of such free tea.
By past art, in order for a case so that it may be awkward to often happen and to employ one design efficiently, the charm of SUKIYA structure is in the placewhich produces suitable art each time.
Touryou (棟梁) or the craftsman who dislike such originality and creativity are not fit for SUKIYA structure.
Doing the same work also has that means vary [ much ] with people.
It is because Touryou (棟梁) and a craftsman are thinking out and harnessing an elated technique, respectively.
The design of structure of SUKIYA appearance aims at a light figure and composition also in a tearoom or a drawing room.
The way of building which greets people with familiarity is liked so that it may not become the touch stands and a figure looks highly.
Then, it begins to put [ try ] eaves deeply and lightly at the same time a roof searches for a loose quiet form.
Although expressing with language or a drawing is easy, it is rather difficult for such scenery to actually model it.
In order to support the appearance of deep eaves, the support of a pole plate is required, but in order to reduce it as much as possible, you have to put Hanegi (桔木= What supports it with it using the principle of a lever as eliminates and raises a front with the material attached in an attic.
The slope of a roof can be made sudden, or thickness can be increased now.) which hangs a pole plate into an attic.
However, when a pitch of roof is loose, only the space into which Hanegi (桔木) is put stops producing behind an attic, and a technical device will be required especially.

It applies to the work of Takumi
  (匠=Carpenter).

Technical efforts is paid to the place which is not visible in this way in order to support a light design. for attaining good SUKIYA structure -- a client, a designer, and SUKIYA -- spirit with a teacher must suit.
work called SUKIYA structure having matured and having reached the climax also technically -- Taisho from Meiji, and Showa -- it applies and comes out before war and peace.
There were the client, the master of the tea ceremony and Touryou (棟梁), and the craftsman in character with the professional who applies to SUKIYA structure truly at the time.
What is called a SUKIYA hobby also has various types, and I think that the construction in the case of being SUKIYA structure was a master of the tea ceremony too, and was a curious person.
However, there were many people who have an opinion in the tea ceremony at large among the unfortunate persons who like especially a SUKIYA hobby. There were many people who get, surpass the region of collection of the actual making of the tea or a tool, and are using the tea ceremony as the support of a life beyond the mere hobby.
Therefore, he was the partner who is responsive also for Touryou (棟梁) or a craftsman also for Chashou (茶匠= Tea master).
Not only the tea ceremony but they had also deepened knowledge also about construction or the yard. Knowing well from the thing of the rich person of especially experience of SUKIYA structure, and material to the thing of carpenter work, the man to the extent that it directs to a craftsman by Chashou Touryou (棟梁) affectation was also.
For the scarce lazy carpenter of experience, he was also the client a tooth does not stand at all.

They loved a thing called SUKIYA truly.
He was the man of the kind which is not lonely without hearing sound of Tuti (槌= The tool which strikes a thing) every day.
In inside, lunch was made specially and the person who lives in a workshop together with Touryou (棟梁) or a craftsman was also.
While it was an attitude which enjoys SUKIYA structure, it was also expression of expectation that he will study SUKIYA structure.
There is a historical backdrop which is mocked as "Whether the design of a residence can be performed without also getting to know how to stretch a shoji", and came to tackle historical research of construction in Japanese style completely and which Touryou (棟梁) and a craftsman produced a large number of.
Such a client's state raises the level of SUKIYA structure, and thinks that it needs to get to know that the tradition is raised upwards and there was great power.
Those who do SUKIYA structure are masters of the tea ceremony, and there are many people who understand the idea of taste for the simple and quiet.
Since character completely differs that a gorgeous air of vulgar prosperity is curious, what shows off financial ability is not done. Such a client's culture was suitable for development of deep SUKIYA structure of spiritualism.

 
 
And it carries out based on one straight line along which the heart passes.
 
 
Kyoto
 
 
 
kinkakuzi
 
Ginkakuzi
 
Nagoya
Sunpu-park
 
 
Seiutei
 
Yokohama
 
Sankeien Garden